Basics of Landscape Design

Basics of Landscape Design

Wizard of all familiar movie “Ordinary Miracle” claimed: the ultimate aerobatics sorcery is to make life even more alive. A similar task is set by a landscape designer, because he creates a new landscape from natural materials – terrain, plants, distant species – in fact, a new landscape. But, as you know, “magic” by order – the service is quite expensive, and not everyone can invite a landscape architect to arrange the garden of his dreams. Do not be discouraged, however. Knowing some basic principles of planning, you can unrecognizably transform an inexpressive piece of land.

Choose a style

When you start planning your garden, you should think about its purpose: whether you will use it permanently or whether it will be a place for weekends and summer holidays. Depending on the function, space is also formed.

“Type 1 edemas must be carefully thought out from an engineering point of view. Temporary landscapes can be closer to nature, merging organically with it. Here the main task is to create conditions for maximum human presence in the sun and air. In both cases, however, the garden must obey a certain style. Otherwise it will look like a low-aesthetic heap of random elements, very far from the concept of “landscaping”.
For example, if you’re a strict supporter of order, choose a regular style. You will like symmetrical layout and geometric forms: straight paths and alleys, cut green walls, parterre flower beds, rectangular ponds.

Basics of Landscape Design

Lovers of cozy simplicity will like rural motifs: the most common unpretentious plants, winding grass paths, ornamental elements of wood, green and flower-wrapped walls and fences.

Architectural style suits urban owners. Here the emphasis is placed on building structures in the garden: arches, pergolas, pergolas, paved areas, and in the case of a pronounced relief must have retaining walls and garden stairs. The plantings emphasize primarily the architectonics, that is, the features of the structure of trees and shrubs. As a rule, large-leaved, tall plants are preferred among flowers.

Today, more and more supporters of Japanese gardens with their gravel or sandy grounds, picturesque boulders, ponds with a bridge, stone lanterns and dwarf trees.

There are many varieties in the landscape style, and the “wild forest” style gardens have been particularly popular recently. They are created using deciduous trees with a undergrowth of rhododendrons, ferns or forest flowers. The feeling of untouched nature is complemented by tall grasses, irregularly shaped ponds with marsh plants, thick hedges and mysterious grottoes made of natural stone.

The main stylistic feature of the Mediterranean garden is the decorative paving and arrangement of the patio (inner yard of the house). Massive flowerpots, statues, an elevated pond with stone sides and a wall fountain with a relief board are obligatory additions. In gardens of this type, plants are planted in containers and near the walls of the house.

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